June - July, 2nd September - October
At night, brief, easy
Grasses (Poaceae-Graminae, Bermuda), Bamboo
Larvae are gregarious through most instars. High humidity with no
ventilation should be avoided, but larvae should be misted and allowed
to drink daily. Cocoons are made in dense tangles of leaves or twigs,
or under detritus on soil surface. Cocoons can tolerate cold and even
light freezing but extended periods <0°C should be avoided.
Emergence from pupae is in the late afternoon and adults only climb a
few centimeters to expand their wings. The emergence cage must
have abundant places for adults to perch and expand their wings.